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Article Published In Vol.10 (July-Aug 2022)

A Review on Different Computational Approaches of In Silico Drug Design

Pages : 324-331, DOI: https://doi.org/10.14741/ijmcr/v.10.4.5

Author : Athira Sunil, Sudha Muthusamy, Sambathkumar Ramanathan

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The drug development and discovery is an extremely difficult, costly, and time-consuming process. because of the advancement of computational tools and procedures, the drug development discovery has been enhanced. For past few years’ Computer Aided Drug Design (CADD), also known as In Silico screening has become a technique used in many phases of drug discovery and development. The purpose of this review is to focuses on focuses on the different types of approaches in the In Silico drug design such as Ligand Based Drug Design (LBDD), Structure Based Drug Design (SBDD) and Fragment Based Drug Design (FBDD). A literature review was performed to study about different In Silico methods. key articles were extracted from Pubmed, Elseiver, Embase, Google scholar using the terms In Silico methods, drug designing computer aided drug design as keywords for our search. Recent development in drug designing has paved way for faster recovery reducing morbidity and mortality rate. The use of In Silico methods comprehends in several stages of the discovery process and improves the chances of success. It allows access to a large amount of data that has been generated. It also combines vast quantities of complex biological data into usable knowledge. The article focused on several computational methods to which include. However, there are both risks and benefits which has to be further assessed. The three categories in the In Silico methods of drug designing were discussed in the study.

Keywords: Computer aided drug discovery, Structure-based drug design, Ligand-based drug design, Drug development, Drug discovery.

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