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Article Published In Vol.7 (March-April-2019)

Feasibility of Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology in the Diagnosis of Breast Lumps

Pages : 100-104, DOI: https://doi.org/10.14741/ijmcr/v.7.2.1

Author : Dr. Ali M.Ali Ridha, M.B.Ch.B - C.A.B.S

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Objective: The study aimed principally to evaluate the feasibility and accuracy of Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology (FNAC) in the diagnosis of breast lumps by comparing the results with the histopathological diagnosis.
Methodology: Data were prospectively collected from 103 female patients . All patients had palpable breast lumps for whom initially aspiration cytology of the lump has been done followed by partial or total surgical lump excision for final histopathological diagnosis and to compare the results.
Results: Of all FNAC specimens, 98 (95%) were adequate for cytological interpretation. Of those evaluated cytologically, 62 (62.8%) were benign, 9 (9%) were suspicious for malignancy and 27 (27.5%) were malignant. Of the surgical histopathological specimens, 40 (40.8%) were malignant.
Conclusion: The FNAC procedure is a rapid method, easy to perform, of little cost and easily accepted by the patients and it provides a high specificity and quite reasonable sensitivity rates that can be used for rapid diagnosis and screening .
Recommendation: FNAC results are better interpreted in correlation with the clinical and imaging findings to allow better management for the patient and is better to be used with ultrasound guidance for better and adequate aspirates

Keywords: Breast lumps(masses) , tumour, Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology(FNAC) ,biopsy, Histopathology .

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