Review of Aircraft Emission ReductionDownload PDF
Aviation sector is one of the fastest growing industries which include both combat and transportation. Aviation sector is a major industry with world GDP contribution of $973 billion. By 2026, expected contribution of $ 1.1 trillion indirectly, and $ 1.5 trillion through direct support of global tourism is expected. For next two decades this sector is expected to grow at the rate of about 4%-4.5%. Global aviation sector accounts for 2% of global GHG (greenhouse gas) emission. Aviation industry’s waste product like non-CO2 gases [NOx and SOx] emissions at higher altitude increase effect global warming. This value is much higher than that of CO2. According to ICAO, in 2010 aviation industry consumed 65% fuel and resulted in 448 MT of CO2 emissions. This valued will to 682-755 MT by 2020. This can lead to global warming and global temperature increase of 2 C. It is known that at higher altitudes, vehicular emissions are three to four times more than ground levels. The proposed work of this research paper is to reduce aircraft emission by improving technology, air traffic management and by use of alternative fuels.
Keywords: Technology improvement, air traffic management, alternative fuel