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Article Published In Vol.7 (Sept-Oct-2019)

Anemia and it’s impact on Pregnancy Outcome in Patients, at University Hospital, Hyderabad Sindh, Pakistan

Pages : 637-643, DOI: https://doi.org/10.14741/ijmcr/v.7.5.6

Author : Dr. Syed Farhan Uddin, Dr. Naushaba Rizwan and Dr. Habib-ur-Rehman Chohan

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Background: Anemia is a global problem in pregnant women involving 30 million pregnant ladies throughout the world. This is also a spreading disorder in Pakistan especially in Hyderabad. The present study was conducted to acknowledge the anemic status of pregnant women in Hyderabad.Methodology: the study was conducted in the gynae and Obs department of liaquat university of Medical and Health Sciences. The study was conducted during the period of dec 2018 to march 2018. Result: Out of 200 participants 175(75%) were anemic. The prevalence of anemia was 25% in each group. The severity of APH increased with intensity of anemia (28.5% total with p value 0.000). The PPH also increased with severity of anemia. The most incidences were found in moderate anemia (46%). The p value was 0.000. The incidence of abortion also increased with severity of anemia. It was 54% in severe anemia (P value 0.000). The incidence of still birth was most abundant in severe anemia i.e. 28% (P value 0.000). 46% incidence of birth asphyxia was noted in severe anemia. The incidence of anemia increases as duration between delivery decreases (86% in 1 year duration. The increased incidence of anemia was found in participants who did not take IFA tablets and did not attend the ANC clinic. The incidence of IUGR and fetal distress also increased with severity of anemia. Conclusion: A high prevalence of anemia was found in the pregnant patients producing both maternal and fetal mortality and morbidity.

Keywords: Anemia, pregnancy, outcome

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