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Article Published In Vol.10 (Nov-Dec 2022)

Antibiotic Sensitivity Pattern of Bacterial in Abscess Patients from Odontogenic Infections in the emergency installation of Hasan Sadikin Hospital Bandung, from January – December 2020

Pages : 500-503, DOI: https://doi.org/10.14741/ijmcr/v.10.6.1

Author : Mitra Riswanda Hutabarat

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Background. Odontogenic infection is one of the diseases caused by bacterial infection both gram negative and positive which can extend to the periodontium, apex to involve wider tissue. The treatment that can be done is the administration of antibiotics where most of their use still requires supervision to avoid resistance.

Objective. This study aims to determine the pattern of bacteria, sensitivity and antibiotic resistance in patients with submandibular abscess due to odontogenic infection in the Emergency Installation of Hasan Sadikin Hospital.

Method. An analytical observational study with a retrospective approach using data on bacterial cult and resistance as well as medical records of patients with odontogenic infection abscesses in the Emergency Installation of the Hasan Sadikin Teaching General Hospital, Bandung in January 2020 – December 2020.

Result. Based on the data showed that as many as 66.6% of bacteria in cases of mandibular abscess were gram-negative bacteria which were dominated by Acinobacter baumanii with 20.83%. Tigecycline antibiotics gave the most sensitive results on the effective antibiotic sensitivity data in 32 cases or 8.21%.

Conclusion. The odontogenic infections in this study were dominated by gram-negative bacteria where effective antibiotic treatment was based on bacterial culture results. Tigecycline was the most effective antibiotic and showed the highest sensitivity described by Meropenem and Cefepime in the treatment of abscesses caused by odontogenic infections.

Key words: Odontogenic infection, abscess, sensitivity, antibiotic.

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