Body Mass Index and Waist Circumference as a risk factor for Diabetes Mellitus Type-2 in Turabah Province, Saudia ArabiaDownload PDF
Background: Diabetes Mmellitus Type -2 is a major public health problem, an estimated 439 million people will have the disease by 2030 . It is possible to have the incidence of type 2 diabetes among individuals at high risk through lifestyle and pharmacological interventions [2&3].
Methodology: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in Turabah Province, Saudia Arabia, among the student and staff members of the Faculty of Applied Medical Sciences, Turabah, Taif University to observe the risk factors for DM2. All 483 female attends age (18-57) years were randomly selected for the study. From all participants fasting blood glucose, non-fasting blood glucose level, waist circumference was measured and body mass index (BMI) calculated. Prior to the measurement demographic data were obtained.
Results: Data of body mass index (BMI) showed that the age groups of (20-29) years having 88(25%), 146(41%), 68(19%) and 54(15%) counting 356 (74%) out of 483 participants were considered, underweight, normal, pre-obese and obese respectively. In a similar way there was a significant increase in waist circumference 69% were less than 80 cm the reaming were 31% with more than 80 cm.
Conclusions: There is a high prevalence of modifiable risk factors of DM2 among the participants such as overweight and central obesity was noted to be high especially in young age.
Recommendations: Given the emerging database of a significant prevalence of DM-2 and the risk factors in the community a national policy framework needs to be developed to address prevention, control and palliative of DM-2 and the risk factors.
Keywords: Risk factor, BMI, Waist Circumference, Turabah, Saudia Arabia