Determinants of the Climate Change Adaptation in Rural Farming in Nepal HimalayaDownload PDF
Climate change (CC) impacts on rural farming and adaptation practices are new areas of study in the rural farming systems. This study focused on better understanding the CC impacts and adaptation practices in rural farming in three different agro-climatic regions (Trans-Himalayan- Mustang, Mid-Mountain- Dhading and Inner Terai- Chitawan district) of Nepal. Household survey, key informant interview and focus group discussion methods were applied to collect primary information at household and community levels supplemented with national climate data. Soil moisture or irrigation deficiencies are the main limiting factors for farm production of the upland framers, particularly, in the mid-mountain region. It is observed that adaptation to CC is location specific and determined by different factors. Logistic regression model indicated different factors such as resources availability, family labor availability, farm income, institutional activities and involvement in the community level organization of households influenced adaptation practices. Local institutions are found to have limited capacity to implement the adaptation practices in the rural areas. Planners and development workers should formulate location specific adaptation programs and activities focusing on water management for minimizing the impacts of climate change in rural farming.
Key words: socioeconomics, institution, upland farming, water management, farm production, livelihoods.