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Article Published In Vol.6 (Sept-Oct-2018)

Effect of Social Correlates on Employee Performance in Public Health Facilities, Turbo Sub County, Kenya

Pages : 1143-1159, DOI:

Author : Mercy Adoyo K’osuri, Ann Kalei and Robert Onyango

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In this globalized era, organizations certainly require employees who are high achievers. This calls for a high demand for professionals with skills, hence organizations are virtually required to embrace their preferences through socially innovative practices. Civil service employees in Kenya, who include the Ministry of Health staff performance is below expectations thus service delivery is compromised. In this regard the current study was designed to assess the effect of social correlates on employees’ performance in the public health sector in Turbo Sub-County. The study was guided by the following specific objectives: To examine the effect of supervisors support on employee performance and to analyze the effect of employee participation on employee performance. Conservation of Resources Theory and Social Exchange Theory had the potential to provide a conceptual guide in maximizing employee performance. The study adopted a descriptive survey design based on samples drawn from across the public health facilities in Turbo Sub-County. The target population was 332. A two-stage sampling technique was adopted where cluster random sampling was used to select the Public health facilities after which simple random sampling were used to select respondents within the facilities. The study used Krejcie& Morgan table,(1970) to calculate the sample size which was 181 respondents. Data was collected by use of self-administered questionnaires. Data analysis was done by use of both inferential and descriptive statistics using SPSS version 20. Results of multiple regressions revealed that social correlates jointly and independently influenced employee performance in public health facilities in Turbo Sub-County, Kenya. Jointly the two constructs namely supervisors support and employee participation contributed 51.4% of the variation in employee performance (Adjusted R Square = 0.514). There was a positive and significant correlation between supervisors support and employee participation was: r=.660*, r= .450* to employee performance. All these together led to the rejection of the null hypothesis. This implies that the management of public health facilities should pay high premiums in strategically formulating and implementing social correlates which can effectively galvanize employee motivation and performance. Social correlates should be bundled through mutually consistent policies to enhance their synergy in achieving high employee performance.

Keywords: Social correlates and Employee performance



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