IJMCR ISSN: 2321–3124
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Call for Papers: Nov-Dec 2017 Issue
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Article Published In Vol.5 (Nov-Dec-2017)

Effects of Ethnic Diversity on Organizational Performance of Elgeyo Marakwet County, Kenya

Author : Regina Jepkeu Kirop and Mr. Dishon Wanjere

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In the past twenty years the growing ethnic diversity in organizations has led scholars to pay increased attention to this issue. Organizations will be successful only to the extent that they are able to discourage ethnic diversity. This study explores by reviewing recent literature the increasing influence of the ethnic diversity and its effect on organizational performance. Employing workforce from different ethnic diversity enhances better decision- making, higher creativity, innovation, greater success in marketing, better distribution of economic opportunity and competitive advantage. Moreover, the study also reveals that senior management accountability, need assessment, better strategy, efficient communication, team building and evaluation act as mediators between work force diversity and organizational performance. The study may be useful for the organizations having diverse workforce by managing them effectively for the achievement of organizational goals. The objective of the study was to establish the extent to which gender diversity affects organizational performance of Elgeyo Marakwet County, Kenya. The study used descriptive research design. The study location was in Elgeyo Marakwet County, Kenya which is located in former Rift Valley Province in Northern part of it and the population consisted of 2,155 employees of Elgeyo Marakwet County, Kenya. The sample size was 400 employees. The sample was chosen through simple random sampling. The response rate of the study was 84.3% of the realized target. Reliability of the results was determined by the test-retest approach. Validity of the research instruments was established by using Elgeyo Marakwet County. Data was analyzed using descriptive statistics and inferential statistics. The hypothesis was tested using simple linear regression at 95% confidence level. The study revealed that age diversity has a positive effect on organizational performance of Elgeyo Marakwet County, Kenya.

Keywords: Workforce diversity, organization performance, ethnic diversity

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