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Article Published In Vol.5 (Nov-Dec-2017)

Putin’s regional policy across the Baltic and Black Sea-Turkey’s Stream is a strategic alternative to South Stream

Author : Dr. Mohamed Aziz Abdel-Hassan

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The tense relations between Russia and Ukraine, which was in turn a transit of Russian natural gas to the countries of the European continent, prompted Moscow to search for alternative ways to export its gas to Europe, and found its involvement in the Turkish Torrent project? Doing so would bring Russia closer to achieving some of its long-term geopolitical objectives. First, along with the “Northern Torrent 2” pipeline lines and the “Turkish current” across the Baltic and Black Sea Our research stems from the following central question: Is the transfer of Russian natural gas to Turkey across the western line passing from Ukraine, Moldova, Romania and Bulgaria, will stop with the opening of the first line in the Turkish Torrent project? An analytical view of the following statement: The answer to this fundamental question is based on The Turkish Torrent project will achieve strategic advantages for Turkey to make it present, influential and effective in the issue of energy distribution between the Middle East and Europe, the most important of which are: First: Turkey’s role in the distribution of energy from the Middle East to Europe has increased with the change in the route of the South Stream export pipeline from Bulgaria to Turkey. ? Which prompted Bulgaria to sign an agreement with Serbia on the transit of natural gas through the pipeline “Turkish Torrent” aimed to transport gas from Russia across the bottom of the Black Sea to Turkey, and to Europe? Second: Russia benefited from the geo-strategic location of Turkey and its proximity to Europe in diversifying the routes of exporting natural gas to Europe beyond the Ukrainian Where high transit risks lie In this context, two strategic projects have been launched to transport the gas, “North Nile 2” and “Turkish Torrent” The Turkish Torrent project includes two pipelines across the Black Sea floor with a total capacity of 30 billion cubic meters of gas annually, one for the Turkish market and the other for European consumers And that the Russian natural gas exports to Turkey via the Western pipeline passing from Ukraine, Moldova, Romania and Bulgaria, will stop with the opening of the first line in the Turkish Torrent Project in 2018 Third, to strengthen the Russian-Turkish relations in the field of energy, especially after the Turkish Energy Market Regulatory Authority granted Russia a license to produce the power plant of the nuclear power plant of AQ Guo in Mersin State for 49 years Fourth: the realization of the Turkish President Erdogan that the Turkish Torrent project will achieve three strategic goals in the near and near future Agencies: First: the transformation of energy sources into a tool of peace, not a tool of war between Russia and Turkey Second: to achieve the dual benefit of the approach of mutual profit of the Russian and Turkish sides in several areas highlighted Third: The maturity of the Turkish-Russian relations and the enhancement of their cooperation in the field of energy will give Turkey the future the possibility of achieving a balance between Turkey’s membership of NATO and its commitments of commitment, inherent in the Monteux Convention of 1936, which restricts the arrival of the landlocked forces to the Black Sea Through the Turkish straits including the Bosporus Straits This fact prompted Turkish President Erdogan to pursue a pragmatic policy toward the energy file and to cooperate with the Russians because he (Erdogan ) realized two facts Turkey relies on Russia for nearly half of its natural gas imports Turkey’s historical concerns from the Russians will ease Ankara’s reaction to Moscow’s takeover of the Crimea And that energy projects, mainly natural gas, are an important and reliable part of the energy security of the two countries (Turkish and Russian) in particular and that Russia is an important energy player in the region for having large resources of natural gas and strong infrastructure will benefit Turkey Especially as the project “Turkish Torrent” consists of two pipelines for gas transport pipelines with a capacity of 31.5 billion cubic meters of natural gas, as one of the lines will allocate natural gas to Turkey to meet their needs, and the second pipeline to transport Russian gas to Europe through Turkish territory

Keywords: The role of Turkey in the distribution of energy from the Middle East to Europe has increased “South Stream” Turkish stream, Russian President Putin regional policy is the Baltic and Black gains, Diversification of Russian gas export routes to Europe surpassing Ukraine Mohamed Aziz Abdel-Hassan Putin’s regional policy across the Baltic and Black Sea-Turkey’s Stream is a strategic alternative to South Stream

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