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Article Published In Vol.5 (July-Aug-2017)

Chinese Influence in Persian Manuscript Illustrations

Pages : 856-864

Author : Samina Zia Sheikh

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Historically illustrated Persian manuscripts, with several miniatures, clearly demonstrate foreign influences included Sasanian, Arab and significantly Chinese. This research briefly investigates presence of Chinoiserie motifs that are frequently applied by the Persian artists from 13th century to 15th century when Chinese influence was apparent in Persian illustrated manuscript. Investigation will be justified by highlighting various influences and continuation of Chinese influence in Persian manuscripts paintings from Mongols to Safavids. After Mongol conquest, Persian illustrated manuscripts have perceptible Chinese influence and many motifs derivative from Chinese arts, popularly known as Chinoiserie motifs were adapted by the Persian artists into their arts. On Persian manuscript painting Chinese influence was noticed in various manuscripts such as Manafi al Hayawan, Shahname, Jami al Tavarikh, and Mirajnama which were illustrated during the reign of the Il-Khanids, Timurids and Safavids. During these periods Persia was in direct contact with China via trade routes through Central Asia. Persian paintings unquestionably reflect a spiritual intelligence beyond reason. Persians through their artistic talent created such an art that is highly aesthetical revealing natural beauties of this world as well as inspirational nature of spiritual world. Through mellow richness of artistic and poetic expressions these illustrations convey meanings that are beyond visual description.

Keywords: Manuscripts, Chinoiserie motifs, Blue and White porcelain, Chinese Prototype, Allegory.



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